Segundo esta informação o Taoismo incluía o reconhecimento de um Pai e de uma Mãe-Deus Celeste, mãe da constelação da Ursa Maior… , ou seja, mais uma Deusa celeste, contradizendo a propagação nos dias de hoje da “mãe-terra” como sendo um arquétipo universal.
Acabou de ser celebrado na China e na Ásia, o Festival dos 9 Emperadores deuses, de 5 a 13 de Outubro de 2013.
“The Nine Emperor Gods Festival, is a nine-day Taoist celebration beginning on the eve of 1st to 9th day of the 9th lunar month of the Chinese calendar, which is
observed primarily in Southeast Asian countries like Myanmar, Singapore, Malaysia,Thailand and also the Riau Islands.
The Nine Emperor Gods, are the nine sons manifested by Father Emperor Zhou Yu Dou Fu Yuan and Mother of the Big Dipper , who holds the Registrar of Life and Death. The worship of Dou Fu Yuan Jun has declined strongly as proper teachings of Taoism degenerate since being exported out of China. Today, most Nine Emperor God temples do not acknowledge the existence of Dou Fu Yuan Jun. However, Dou Fu Yuan Jun is invoked alongside Dou Mu Yuan Jun in Great Dipper Honouring known as Li Dou (禮斗) ceremonies.
To the actual teachings of Taoism, the Nine Emperor Gods are actually high-ranking Star Lords who preside over the movement of planets and coordinate mortal Life and Death issues.
Nine Emperor Gods Festival celebration in popular folk culture
On the eve of the ninth moon, temples of the deities hold a ceremony to invoke and welcome the nine emperors. Since the arrival of the gods are believed to be through the waterways, processions are held from temples to the sea-shore or river to symbolize this belief. Devotees dressed in traditional white, carrying incense and candles, await the arrival of their excellencies.
A carnival-like atmosphere pervades the temple throughout the nine-day festival.
In Thailand, this festival is called Tesagan Gin Je, the Vegetarian Festival. It is celebrated throughout the entire country, but the festivities are at their height in Phuket, where about 35% of the population is Thai Chinese. It attracts crowds of spectators because of many of the unusual religious rituals that are performed.
In accordance with the traditions, many religious devotees will perform ritualized mutilation upon themselves and one another (with the consent of, context and understanding of all involved and the practice itself) while under a trance-like state, including but not limited to: impaling through cheeks, arms, face, legs, back etc., with everything from as small as syringes to as large as is agreed upon between all members; partial skinning (the skin is not removed, just cut and flipped over); slashing of limbs, chest, stomach and especially tongue with swords, axes and knives; bloodletting;
- Nine Emperor Gods 九皇大帝
- Nine Emperor Gods Festival 2013 (ykgoh.wordpress.com)
- The Phuket Vegetarian Festival (visit-chiang-mai-online.com)
- Returning Grandfather to the Sea (davidhagerman.typepad.com)
- Emperor: Blood of Gods (conniggulden.com)
- Area Hindus celebrate females in nine-day holiday of Navratri (sacbee.com)
- Phuket’s Vegetarian Festival (rhworldimagery.wordpress.com)
- Reading’s Gujarati community celebrate Hindu festival of Navratri (getreading.co.uk)
- This Photo Of People Dancing At A Hindu Religious Festival Is Utterly Mesmerizing (businessinsider.com)
- Nine Emperor Festival (penangits.wordpress.com)
- City revels in extended Navaratri festivities (thehindu.com)